Thursday, February 14, 2013

Beberapa Aturan Umum Penerjemahan/ Penulisan bhs. Inggris Menurut Associated Press Stylebook (AP Style)


Penulis : Agung Wicaksono
  • Numbers
One through nine are generally spelled out, while 10 and above are generally written as numerals.
Example : He carried five books for 12 blocks.
Spell out numbers that start a sentence. If the result is awkward, re-work the sentence:
Seventy-five students attended the symposium yesterday. Yesterday, 635 seniors were awarded degrees.
  • Percentages
Percentages are always expressed as numerals, followed by the word “percent.”
Example: The price of gas rose 5 percent.
  • Ages
Ages are always expressed as numerals.
Example: He is 5 years old.
  • Currency
Dollar amounts are always expressed as numerals, and the “$” sign is used. For rupiah is similar, you can use “Rp”.
Example: $5, $15, $150, $150,000, $15 million, Rp15 billion, Rp15.5 billion

  • Street Addresses
Numerals are used for numbered addresses. Street, Avenue and Boulevard are abbreviated when used with a numbered address, but otherwise are spelled out. Route and Road are never abbreviated.
Example: He lives at 123 Main St. His house is on Main Street. Her house in on 234 Elm Road.
  • Dates
Dates are expressed as numerals. The months August through February are abbreviated when used with numbered dates. March through July are never abbreviated. Months without dates are not abbreviated.
Example: The meeting is on Oct. 15. She was born on July 12. I love the weather in November.
Do not use st, nd, rd or th with dates. When the month stands alone or is used with the year only, do not abbreviate. Examples: December,
December 1982. (Note: No comma between December and 1982)
  • Job Titles
Job titles are generally capitalized when they appear before a person’s name, but lowercase after the name.
Example: President George Bush. George Bush is the president.
Lowercase and spell out titles in constructions that set them off from a name by commas
Correct: David Smith, president and chief executive officer of Company XYZ.
Incorrect: David Smith, President and CEO of Company XYZ.
  • Film, Book & Song Titles
Generally these are capitalized and placed in quotation marks. Do not use quote marks with reference books or the names of newspapers or magazines.
Example: He rented “Star Wars” on DVD. She read “War and Peace.”.
  • Dimensions
Use figures and spell out inches, feet, yards, etc. to indicate depth, height, length and width. Hyphenate adjectival forms before nouns. Some examples: He is 5 feet 10 inches tall. She is a 5-foot-4-inch dynamo. The team signed a 7-footer. The tool shed is 20 feet long, 10 feet wide and 8 feet high. The room is 9 feet by 12 feet. She bought a 9-by-12 rug for the room.
  • Academic Degrees
The preferred form is bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctorate, all lowercase and with an apostrophe for the first two. Use B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. only when the need to identify many individuals by degree on first reference would make the preferred form cumbersome. Use the abbreviations only after a full name, never after just a last name. When used after a name, the abbreviation is set off with commas: George Youknowwho, Ph.D., spoke at the dedication ceremony.
Do not use two titles with a name as in: Dr. George Youknowwho, Ph.D., spokeat the dedication ceremony.
  • Hours
Do not use a colon and two zeroes with an even-numbered hour. For example: 2a.m., not 2:00 a.m.; 9 p.m., not 9:00 p.m. But use the colon with 8:15 a.m., 6:45 a.m.,etc.
  • Punctuation
Do not put a comma before the conjunction in a simple series
Incorrect: Please pass the chips, salsa, and queso.
Correct: Please pass the chips, salsa and queso.
Additionally: Put a comma before the conjunction if an element of the series requires a conjunction.
Incorrect: I had orange juice, toast and ham and eggs for breakfast.
Correct: I had orange juice, toast, and ham and eggs for breakfast.
The period and the comma always go inside the quotation marks. The rule holds for full quotes, partial quotes and even for quotes used for emphasis. “No one can break this rule and expect to pass the course,” the professor said. He made an exception for the young man in the front row other students call “Scoop.” The question mark and the exclamation point go inside when they apply to the quoted matter only and outside when they apply to the whole sentence.
Some examples:
Who wrote “Gone With the Wind”?
He asked, “How long will it take?”
Did you hear him say, “I won’t go”?
“Never!” she shouted.
I hated reading “Silas Marner”!
“Well, I like that!” she exclaimed.
Its vs. It’s. ‘Its’ is the possessive form. ‘It’s’ is a contraction meaning it is.
Using the Passive. Contributed by Katie Dunworth. Curtin University of Technology, 2008 (pdf)
Associated Press Style Guidelines. Summarized by Professor Jack Gillespie, Rowan University, Ret. (pdf)
Brandeis University Web Style Guide – Associated Press Style (pdf)

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